Header Content Region

Insert text, image or banner ads here, or just delete this text and leave this area blank!

portfolio1 portfolio2 portfolio3 portfolio4


Enrique, Nabor and Carmen


Jose, Father, 2 daughters of previous marriage, Mercedes and Leonor in white.


Alfred Jordan, Olivia Pacheco, Alfred, Gregory and Jason


Children, Olivia and Rudolph, Tumacacori Church, Richard Pacheco Daughter and Niece.

small portfolio1 small portfolio2 small portfolio3 small portfolio4
themed object
get in touch

Special Searches

It is possible to see various groupings of people in one search – for example, all those killed in the Pima Rebellion

of 1751, or all the Franciscan priests who served in the Pimería Alta. To see any of the groupings listed below,

simply type the bolded words or letters on the left into the “Title” box on the search page. 

Large Numbers of Baptisms

During the northern – Father Campos made a trip to the north, traveling 160 leagues, in the early spring 1724 because the O’odham were sick with smallpox and requesting baptism.  Along the road and at the villages of Cocóspera, Guevavi, Xona, Comac, Toaqui, Cuituaboca, San Xavier del Bac, Tres Álamos, Quiburi, Tuhto, Bacarica, Babaquiburica buhvi, and Ímuris he baptized 175 people.


Casa Grande – In the summer of 1743, Father Keller made a trip northward as far as the Gila River . He had with him a company of locals from Suamca, including Francisco Léon, Francisco Martínez, Asencio Sierra, the mission fiscal, Francisco Xavier Gil Robles, and local O'odham converts Francisco, Cristóbal, Manuel, Antonio, Agustín, Teresa, Hacinto, Andrés, and Patricio. On August 24th, in front of the Casa Grande ruins, he baptized twenty-nine children and one grown man who was ill.


1748 at Guevavi – With license from José Garrucho, Padre Joaquín Feliz Díaz baptized ten children from Toac, Sópori, and Guevavi on November 26th.  Feliz Diaz recorded their names, parents and godparents. Later, Padre Garrucho recorded where they were from.


Pipiac in February – Padre Garrucho baptized nine children at this Ranchería on February 22, 1750 .


Comacavitcam – On March 9, 1750 , Padre Garrucho baptized five children at this ranchería.


Pipiac in March – Padre Garrucho was back at Pipiac on March 15, 1750 . It appears that he baptized four children there and then four more at other rancherías on his way home to Guevavi.


Tres Alamos – Father Miguel de la Vega was sent to Tres Alamos on the San Pedro River from Mission Santa María Suamca by Father Ignacio Xavier Keller to perform baptisms there. Father Vega took an entourage of Spanish helpers/settlers with him from Terrenate, Suamca, and the upper Santa Cruz River Valley , including Antonio Romero, Eugenio Ael, Francisco Bernardo Valenzuela, Ignacio de Rojas, Juan German, Xavier de León, José Antonio Espinosa, Juan Antonio Figueroa, Juan María Quintero, Ignacio Espinosa, and Patricio Amesquita. Also included in the list of workers was Manuel, the native mador of Santa María Suamca. The party likely arrived at Tres Alamos on Friday, September 24, 1751 . The next day, Saturday the 25th baptisms were performed for thirty-seven children. The following day being Sunday, no work was accomplished, but on Monday, September 27th, another sixteen baptisms were solemnized, bringing the total to fifty-three children baptized on the two days.

  Apache Attacks

The following are Apache attacks in which several (or many) people were killed

December 9, 1743 – Divisadero Ranch


November 14, 1746Hasohuvaibca


July 27, 1763Buena Vista


February 1, 1769 Santa Ana horse range


May 4, 1770 – Calabazas


July 13, 1770 – Sonoitac


July 1, 1771 – Tumacácori and Sonoitac


July 14, 1772 – Guevavi

October 31, 1784
– the mountains above Tumacácori


June 5, 1801 – Tumacácori


May 9, 1848 - Agua de las Mesteñas ( Whetstone Mountains ). Fifteen Tucson residents were massacred. Captain Limón of the Santa Cruz Presidio took some soldiers out to retrieve the bodies on July 7th. They brought them back to Santa Cruz and buried them in the cemetery there.

  Sacred Datura Poisoning

  Sacred Datura – lists people poisoned by ingesting some portion of the Sacred Datura plant


1723 epidemic – killed fourteen people at the Janos Presidio in a month-and-a-half, six of whom were employees or children of employees of Captain Antonio Bezerra Nieto.


Smallpox epidemic of 1724 – Traveling 160 leagues, Father Campos made a trip to the north in the early spring 1724 because the O’odham were sick with smallpox and requesting baptism.  Along the road and at the villages of Cocóspera, Guevavi, Xona, Comac, Toaqui, Cuituaboca, San Xavier del Bac, Tres Álamos, Quiburi, Tuhto, Bacarica, Babaquiburica buhvi, and Ímuris he baptized 175 people, many of whom were sick and dying.


Measles epidemic of 1728-29 – Over sixty people of all ages died from the measles between the first of September, 1728 and the end of January, 1729, in the vicinity of San Ignacio, with the vast majority dying in January


Small pox epidemic of 1737 – The summer of 1737 saw a devastating small pox epidemic in the Pimería. At least thirty people died in San Ignacio-Ímuris area, alone. Communities at least as far north as Suamca and as far south as Guaymas were effected. Captain Juan Bautista de Anza of Fronteras had the following to say about it:  "...I went to several Indian villages that had been deserted but were now the most crowded. People were lying in the open where some, unfortunately, were dying, having contracted smallpox..."


1743 epidemic – this epidemic occurred at Sópori in December of 1743 and appears to have been characterized by such devastating symptoms as "yellow vomit, urine retention, and swollen throat"


1744 epidemic – devastated the community of Guevavi in December of 1744, killing at least sixteen people, two of whose burials Manuel José de Sosa recorded twice in the confusion of so many deaths in such a short amount of time


1748 epidemic – was devastating Janos, Nueva Vizcaya, in the summer and fall. It is possibly the same one that started up at the first of 1749 in the Pimería Alta.


1749 epidemic –started in January and ran into May but was in full force during the months of February, March, and April. 91 people died at San Ignacio and Ímuris. Guevavi and Sonoitac lost at least 50.


1751 smallpox – the outbreak seems to have started in Ímuris in mid-may, moving quickly to San Ignacio and was at its worst during the months of July, August, and September in those two places. Guevavi was hit hard in late summer and Sonoitac was devastated in October.


1770 measles – this "epidemia de sarampión" began in December of 1769 in San Ignacio and lasted through February, killing nineteen people in that mission and one of its natives who had traveled to Tubutama


1800 epidemic – an epidemic of unknown cause that killed four children and two youths in the month of April at Tumacácori


1805 epidemic – this disease, which struck Tumacácori in May of 1805, seems to have been characterized by "green vomit" (vómitos verdes)


1816 epidemic – this "plague" (peste) appears to have begun in September of 1816 and did not let up until after January 1, 1817 , killing some 28 people in Tumacácori and Calabazas, of whom at least 19 were children


1826 epidemic – killed nine children at Cocóspera in April of 1826


Franciscan Priests

ofm – see a list of the Franciscan priests who served in the Pimería Alta


Jesuit Priests

ihs –lists the  Jesuit priests who served in the Pimería Alta


tepic – a list of six of the seven Jesuits associated with Guevavi and Suamca who died during the forced march between Tepic , Nayarit, and Guadalajara , Jalisco during the general expulsion of the Jesuits  (The seventh, Pedro Díaz, did not sign any records during his short stay at Guevavi, and therefore, is not presently in the Mission 2000 system)


Pima Uprising of 1751

house of Luis – see a list of the two women and nine children who were burned to death in Oacpicagigua's house at Saric the evening before the main uprising began


rebellion – records of people killed in the Pima Rebellion of 1751


revolt – list of those who died in the aftermath of the Pima Rebellion of 1751


uprising – lists the officials who were involved in the aftermath of the Pima Rebellion of 1751.


Seri Attacks

November 3, 1757 – lists the name of the leader of the Seri attack on Magdalena and the thirty-one people who died in that massacre


Troop Reviews and Censuses

Janos-1797 – lists 162 active and retired soldiers and officers of the Presidio of Janos on April 2, 1797


Terrenate-1775 – lists 56 soldiers, officers, and scouts of the Presidio of Terrenate on July 1, 1775


Tubac-1767 – lists 54 non-military residents of Tubac on April 2, 1767 , the person who compiled the census, and the Sonoran governor who ordered it


Tubac-1775 – lists 56 soldiers, officers, and scouts of the Presidio of Tubac on August 13, 1775


Volante-1775 – lists 43 soldiers and officers of the “Flying Company” stationed at the Presidio of Terrenate on July 10, 1775

slide up button