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Enrique, Nabor and Carmen


Jose, Father, 2 daughters of previous marriage, Mercedes and Leonor in white.


Alfred Jordan, Olivia Pacheco, Alfred, Gregory and Jason


Children, Olivia and Rudolph, Tumacacori Church, Richard Pacheco Daughter and Niece.

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 [Basque Country (Spain)]    


PACHECO Family History Overview

Ignacio Antonio Pacheco was born at Tubac, Sonora in January 1775. He was baptized there, a few days old, on 8 January 1775, son of Jose Ruiz Pacheco and Carmen Romero, with Josef Domingo Granillo and Maria Dolores de Mesa as his godparents (Tumacacori Baptisms p. 14, Mission 2000 database). He was married circa 1802 to Rita Duran (Pacheco 1965:1). Rita was born circa 1785, the daughter of Juan Antonio Duran and Maria Guadalupe Ramirez. She was baptized on 31 December 1785 at Tumacacori, with Maria Antonia Gertrudes Gonzales acting as her godmother (Tumacacori Baptisms p. 33, Mission 2000 database).

On 19 May 1818, Ignacio applied for a brand: Commander and Political Judge: Ygnacio Antonio Pacheco, of the vicinity of the Military Fort of San Rafael de Tubac, hereby humbly and respectfully appears in your presence and states that in compliance with the Public Mandate, on the 17th of the present month of the Superior Government in this Province, and his Majesty's name, requests the marginal displayed brand for the purpose that the same may be freely used to brand the cattle and horse stock kept in my properties. I hereby agree to pay the correspondingly just charges to the present cashier or others in the Secretary's office in payment to cover title issued in my favor, therefore I respectfully request you to kindly hand this memorandum to the Lieutenant in my behalf. Tubac, 19 May 1818 (Pacheco 1965:1; original titulo is at AHS/SAD). The request was granted on 10 June 1818 by Ignacio de Bustamente.

Pacheco, Ignacio Antonio (1775-1850)

Collection held at
Arizona Historical Society. Southern Arizona Division. Library and Archives

Creator: Pacheco, Ignacio Antonio (1775-1850)
Title: Cattle brand registration.
Date: 1818.
Call Num: MS 1150
Extent Description: N/A
Handwritten registration certificate for a cattle brand for Ignacio Pacheco’s livestock, 1818. The petition is addressed to Ignacio Bustamonte y Velasco, Lieutenant Governor of the provinces of Sonora and Sinaloa in New Spain. English translation present.

In 1818, he ­applied for and registered the Diamond Bell brand, and was ranching at Tubac. On 26 December 1819, Ignacio was a witness to the marriage of Francisco Trujillo and Guadalupe Duran in Tubac (Tubac records p. 8v, Mission 2000 database). Ignacio was the second elected mayor of Tucson (McCarty 1997:5-7). In 1831, the couple, their children Miguel and Ramon, and another child named Jose Corrales; and three Pacheco adults, Jose, Rafael, and Trinidad, were all living in a civilian household in Tucson (McCarty 1981:5 household #3).

Children(see MS 1155, Box 40, file 555, AHS/SAD)

Guadalupe (Ascencion?) Pacheco was born circa 1808.
Ramon Pacheco was born circa 1819-1820 in Tucson, Sonora.
Miguel Pacheco was born in 1822 in Tubac, Sonora, Mexico.
Jesus Pacheco was born on 10 December 1830 in Sonora, Mexico. She was married to Cornelio Elias.

(Francisco Pacheco was born circa 1780 in Sonora, son of Jose Pacheco and his wife Maria????. At age 18 he was a farmer, five ft three inches tall, and a Roman Catholic. He had red hair and eyebrows, brown eyes, and a slightly broad nose. He enlisted at Bacuachi for ten years service in the military at Tucson on 22 January 1798, his enlistment witnessed by Sergeant Francisco Rivera and Corporal Jose Grijalva (AGN 243). He was a soldier stationed at stationed at Arizpe and was given a six reale bonus in January 1817 (Dobyns 1976:154). APPARENTLY HE IS THE BROTHER OF IGNACIO. THERE WAS A REFERENCE WRITTEN BY MY UNCLE RUDOLPH PACHECO THAT IGNACIO'S BROTHER EMIGRATED TO ARGENTINA. AT LEAST WE HAVE A REFERENCE ON WHAT THEY LOOKED LIKE.

Personal ID: 12713 Given Name: Austacia Carmen Surname: Pacheco Relationship: Deceased

Austacia Carmen Pacheco. In the year of the Lord 1818 on the 14th day a May, Austacia Carmen Pacheco, an infant of two months, the daughter of Ignacio Pacheco and Rita Duran, returned her soul to God in union and communion with our Holy Mother Church. Her body was buried on the fifteenth in the cemetery, for which truth I signed as above. Fray Narciso Gutiérrez (rubric) in charge of Tubac

Guadalupe Pacheco was born circa 1808, son of Ignacio Antonio Pacheco and Rita Duran. He was married to Carmen Osorio. In 1831, they were a civilian household in Tucson (McCarty 1981:5 household #4). Guadalupe died prior to 1855 (MS 1155, Box 40, file 555, AHS/SAD).

i. Refugio Pacheco was born circa 1836-1837 in San Ignacio, Sonora, Mexico.
ii. Guadalupe Pacheco was born about 1848. She was married to Jose Pacheco.
iii. Carmen Pacheco.

Juan Pacheco was married to Ygnacia Musqui.


Jose Teodoro Pacheco was born around December 1845. He was baptized on 10 May 1846 in Tucson, Sonora, Mexico. His godparents were Carlos Ríos and Maria Rosa Cabanas (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll 1).

Miguel Pacheco was born about 1822 in Tubac, Sonora, son of Ignacio Antonio Pacheco and Rita Duran. In 1831, Miguel was living with his parents in Tucson (McCarty 1981:5, household #3). Miguel signed a letter enacting three resolutions on 9 January 1845 (Officer 1989:182). On 29 August 1845, Miguel and Dolores Acedo were godparents to Maria Benita Ricarda Granillo, daughter of Bartolo Granillo and Maria Burruel (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll 1 #32). On 9 May 1846, Miguel and Jesus Pacheco were godparents to Maria Febronia Luciana Pacheco, daughter of Ramon Pacheco and Gertrudis Herreras (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll #69). Miguel was the acting judge in Tucson on 16 May 1846 (MS 1072 AHS/SAD p. 80).

Miguel was married prior to 1858 to Maria Guadalupe Saiz/Saens. Guadalupe was born about 1828-1829 in Tucson, Sonora, Mexico. In 1855, Miguel purchased the lot left to him and his siblings by his father. He paid sister Dona Jesus Pacheco $20, sister Dona Guadalupe Sardina $14, his nephew and nieces Refugio, Guadalupe, and Carmen Pacheco $14; nephews Concepcion and Angel Gonzales $15; brother Ramon 1/7 interest in a wagon, and brother [?] Rafael Ochoa $25 (MS 1072 #10).On 3 March 1856, Miguel witnessed a property sale in Tucson (Pima Co. DRE 1:24-25). On 26 November 1857 the couple sold a piece of land on the road to San Xavier to William S. Oury for $30 (MS 1072 #73).

In 1860, Miguel worked as a blacksmith in Tucson (1860 Census, New Mexico, Dona Ana County, Tucson p. 15). He owned real estate valued at $500 and personal property worth $500. His wife could not read or write. On 15 July 1860, Pacheco purchased William H. Kirkland's Upper Rancho (Pima County DRE 1:98). Miguel purchased a lot in Tucson from Dolores Herran on 9 October 1861 (MS 1072 #11). In 1864, the Pacheco family lived in Tucson where Miguel worked as a carpenter (1864 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson lines 1168-1172). He owned real estate valued at $500 and personal property worth $100. Next door lived Ignacia Saens, perhaps Guadalupe's sister.

Miguel died between 31 October 1865 and 2 January 1866 (Pima County Book of Records May 17, 1864-Dec. 28, 1865, pp. 59-60). His will was written in Spanish and was probated on 19 June 1866 (Pima County Book of Wills, 1:1). He left an estate valued at $3,134.

In 1866, Guadalupe and her children Juana and Marcus were living in Tucson along with two other Pachecos aged 10 to 21, Eufemio and Ygnacio (1866 Census, A.T., Pima County, Tucson lines 297-301). In March 1867, Guadalupe and her children Juan, Marcos, Eugenia, and Ygnacio lived in Tucson (1867 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson lines 87-91). In June 1870, Guadalupe worked as a farmer in Tucson. Her family's real estate was valued at $3000 and their personal possessions at $2000. Guadalupe lived with her children (Juana, Marcus, Oguino, Ygnacia), the three oldest attending school, and a probable relative, Theodora Seis, who was a 21-year-old seamstress (1870 Census A.T., Pima County, Tucson p. 29).


Juana Pacheco was born circa 1857-1858 in Tucson, Dona Ana County, New Mexico Territory. She was baptized in July 1858 by Father J. M. Piniero in Tucson (Magdalena Church Records, Microfilm 811, UAL). Her padrinos were Pascual Ochoa and Jesus Pacheco.
Marcos Pacheco was born in April 1860 in Tucson, Dona Ana County, New Mexico Territory. Marcos was married to Jesus Mendez.
Jose Eugenio Pacheco was born circa 1863 in Tucson, Pima County, Arizona Territory. He was baptized on 12 May 1863 with Francisco Romero and Victoriana Ocoboa as his godparents (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:3 #25).
Maria Ignatia Pacheco was born in May 1865. She was baptized on 11 February 1866 (aged nine months) in Tucson, Pima County, Arizona Territory with Cirilo Leon and Maria Sais as her godparents (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:29 #8).

Rafael Pacheco was born about 1820 in Sonora. He was married to Carmil XXXX. Carmil was born circa 1825. In 1870, Rafael worked as a carpenter in Tucson. He owned real estate valued at $500 and personal property valued at $250 (1870 Census, A.T., Pima County, Tucson p. 4).

Ramon Pacheco was born circa 1820 in Tucson, Sonora, the son of Ignacio Antonio Pacheco and Rita Duran. In 1831, Ramon was living with his parents and siblings in Tucson (McCarty 1981:5, household #3). He would later recall the yearly journey by Tucson residents to the San Pedro River where they cultivated land under the guard of the Presidio soldiers. Large quantities of grain were harvested and returned to Tucson (Affidavit of Ramon Pacheco, 17 June 1886, Cochise County, Arizona). On 4 September 1844, Ramon and Maria de Jesus Pacheco were godparents to Maria Toribia Castro, daughter of Jesus Castro and Rafaela Burruel (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll 1 #16). Ramon signed a letter enacting three resolutions on 9 January 1845 (Officer 1989:182). He was married about 1845 to Gertrudis Herreras. Gertrudis was born circa 1824-1825 in Sonora, Mexico, possibly the daughter of Jose Herreras and Juana Elias (McCarty 1981:5, household #2). A female child by that name was living in the household next door to the one where Ramon Pacheco was living. On 2 September 1845, Ramon and Getrudis were godparents to an Apache girl Maria Salome (Magdalena Church Records, Microfilm 811, UAL #41). On 6 January 1848, the couple were godparents to Jose Reyes Demetrio Romero, son of Juan Romero and Trinidad Leon (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll 1).

On 19 August 1852, Ramon purchased a piece of land on the west side of Calle del Correo from Guadalupe Santa Cruz for $50 (MS 1072 #44). On 15 November 1855, Ramon sold his 1/7 share of a house lot that he had received from his father to his brother Miguel for one-seventh of a wagon (MS 1072, #10). In July 1858, Ramon and Petra Santa Cruz were godparents to Maria Luciana Green, daughter of Theodore Green and Concepcion Telles (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Rol1 1).

In 1860, Ramon worked as a blacksmith in Tucson (1860 Census, New Mexico, Dona Ana County, Tucson p. 15-16). He owned real estate worth $400 and personal property valued at $15000. Gertrudis could not read or write, however, the couple's three children were in school. Ramon had a meteorite anvil in his shop, apparently finding it in the Santa Rita mountains. Mr. Pacheco was a worthy Blacksmith and had a shop in town...The meteorite weighed four to five hundred pounds and was four feet long and a foot high...By sitting it upright in the ground, it would answer very well the purpose of an anvil in his blacksmith shop. Which he did (Arizona Citizen 15 January 1875 2:4 [GET]).

In 1864, Ramon had become a merchant with real estate valued at $3000 and personal property worth $3000 (1864 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson lines 1188-1192). On 23 July 1862, Ramon purchased a piece of land from Francisco Dias and his wife Bernarda Gonzales for $200 (MS 1072 #45). The land was on the north side of Calle de la Mission, adjacent to another parcel he owned. On 17 February 1866, Ramon and Gertrudes were godparents for Jose R. Elias, son of Cornelio Elias and Jesus Pacheco and for Francisco Oury, son of William Oury and his wife (XXXX) Garcia (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:32 #23; 1:31 #21). In March 1867, Ramon and Gertrudes lived with their three children (Jesus, Guadalupe, and Cesario) in Tucson (1867 Census, A.T., Pima County, Tucson lines 43-47).

By 1870, Ramon was a grocer with real estate worth $3500 and personal property valued at $4000 (1870 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson p. 27). He lived with his wife Gertrudis and daughter Guadalupe in Tucson. In November 1870, while hauling lumber from the Santa Rita Mountains, Pacheco was attacked by the Apache who captured eight yoke of oxen, two mules, and a horse valued at $1500 (Weekly Arizona Enterprise 10 March 1892). In August 1872 the Weekly Citizen reported (31 August): The Apaches stole eight mules from Ramon Pacheco near San Xavier last Saturday. He was engaged with his train to carry the freight belonging to Captain Sumner's troop to Calabasas. A detachment from Captain Sumner's troop followed the Indians to the Santa Catalina Mountains north of Tucson without being able to recover the property. It is a hard blow to Mr. Pacheco who can ill afford the loss.

Ramon and Guadalupe lived with their son Jesus and their daughter Guadalupe in Tucson in 1880 (1880 Census A.T., Pima County, Tucson, E.D. 5 p. 259A). Ramon was working as a laborer and Jesus was a clerk in a store. Ramon moved to Tres Alamos in 1886 and ranched there until his return to Pima County in 1894 (Pima County Great Registers).  Gertrudis died on 18 June 1893. Ramon died on 9 February 1900: Don Ramon Pacheco died at his residence on McCormick street last night at the age of about ninety years. He was born in Tucson and knew the place from its inception as a Mexican village to its present metropolitan conditions. The old gentleman was vigorous and hearty until a few days ago and was proud of the Americanized appearance of the city. He was an encyclopedia of local history and had a wide circle of friends (Arizona Daily Citizen 10 February 1900, 4:2)

Children (MS 1155, Box 40, file 555, AHS/SAD).

Maria Febronia Luciana Pacheco was born on 26 June 1846 in Tucson, Sonora, Mexico. She was baptized on 31 August 1846 in Tucson (Magdalena Church Records, Microfilm 811, UAL #69). Her padrinos were Miguel Pacheco and Jesus Pacheco. She apparently died prior to 1860.

Jesus Pacheco (male) was born in 1848 in Sonora, Mexico. He was employed by the Lacy Post Traders Company at Fort Apache in 1884 (Arizona Daily Star 6 May 1884, 4:1). He moved to his father's ranch at Tres Alamos and was a stockraiser by 1886. In 1890 he had moved to Willcox and was a salesman. He moved to Yuma and operated a dry goods store that was destroyed in a flood. In 1892 he was a clerk in Benson (Pacheco 1965:5). Jesus died in 1919.

Guadalupe Pacheco (female) was born circa 1851-1852 in Sonora, Mexico. Guadalupe was married to Augustin Caballero.

Cesario Pacheco was born about 1853-1854 in Sonora, Mexico. Cesario died prior to 1867.

Refugio Pacheco was born circa 1836-1837 in Tucson, Sonora, Mexico, son of Guadalupe (Ascencion?) Pacheco and Carmen Osorio (Richard Pacheco, biographical folders, AHS/SAD; Plaza of the Pioneers, p. 34; MS 1155, box 40, file 555, AHS/SAD). In July 1858 in Tucson, Refugio and Timotea Lisarrage were godparents to Juan Silva, son of Luiza Silva (Magdalena Church Records, UAL Microfilm 811 Roll 1). Refugio was married prior to 1860 to Paula Cruz. Paula was born circa 1838-1839 in Tucson, Sonora, Mexico, probable daughter of Pascual Cruz and Francisca Grijalva.

Refugio purchased a house and lot from Pedro Burruel on 8 December 1861, paying two horses and five fanega of wheat (MS 1072 AHS/SAD #23). He purchased a field property from Ursula Solares on 14 June 1862 (Pima County DRE 1:44-45). In 1864, the couple farmed in Tucson (1864 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson lines 929-932). Their real estate was valued at $400 and their personal property at $100. On 18 March 1866, Refugio and Paula were godparents to Jose Francisco Sanchez, son of Jose Sanchez and Joanna Uquija (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:36 #48). In 1866, Refugio lived with his wife Paula and children Nabor, Mateo [spelled Martes], and Lentivua [?] (1866 census, A.T., Pima County, Tucson lines 148-152). On 1 October 1866, the couple were godparents to Jose Munguia, son of Francisco Munguia and Carmen Cruz (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:45). On 8 February 1867 the couple were godparents to Antonio Gallegos, son of Ramon Gallegos and Juana Ruelas (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:50). In March 1867, Refugio, Paula, and their children (Nabor, Mateo, Ascenscia, and Manuel Maria) were in Tucson (1867 Census, A.T., Pima County, Tucson lines 652-657). On 20 October 1867, the couple were godparents to Maria Mendoza, daughter of Reyes Mendoza and Maria Cruz (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:57). On 9 May 1869, the couple were godparents to Jose Gregoria Ruelas, daughter of Francisco Ruelas and Sacramento Cruz (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:98). On 4 August 1869, Refugio purchased a field from Jesus Dias for $200 (Pima Co. DRE 1:362-363). The couple were padrinos for Maria Andrea Cota, daughter of Florentino and Gertrudis Cota, on 1 December 1869 (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:112).

On 30 January 1870, the couple were godparents to Helena Ramirez, daughter of Maria Ramirez (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:117). A week later, on 7 February 1870, the couple were godparents to Maria Romalda Adelaida Cruz, daughter of Jesus Cruz and Concepcion Ramirez (Tucson Catholic Church Baptisms 1:117). In March 1870, the family was farming (1870 Census, A. T., Pima County, Tucson p. 75). Refugio owned real estate valued at $2500 and personal property worth $2000. Living with the family were Carmel Mungia (a 4-year-old boy), Francisco Amploma (a 7-year-old boy), and Carmel Amploma (a 12-year-old boy working as a domestic servant).

Refugio was appointed a member of the Board of Supervisors of Pima County on 12 April 1873 (McClintock, J. H., 1916, Arizona, The Youngest State, Chicago, p. 88; Plaza of the Pioneers p. 34). His will was made on 23 September 1873 and he died five days later (Pima County Book of Wills 1:45; Tucson Citizen 12 April 1873). His wife Paula was named the sole executor. A Probate Order for his estate was made in March 1880 (Pima County Misc. Records 2:79).

In June 1880, Paula lived with her six children in Tucson (1880 Census A.T., Pima County, ED 41 p. 354B).

Paula died prior to 10 February 1885 (Refugio Pacheco file, AHS/SAD; Pima County Misc. Records 4:1; MS 1155 box 40 file 555 says 1884). The couples' estate included Lot 3 of Block 193, lot 3 of Block 198, lot 5 of Block 38, and lot 4 of Block 141; Lot 9 of Section 3 and Lot 5 in Section 10 in the field area, as well as other agricultural fields. The property was divided among the children, with daughter Ascencion receiving all of the household furniture and two mares, Nabor getting three pieces of land and an ambulance, Mateo receiving three pieces of land and a mare, Manuel receiving two pieces of land and a mare, and Jesus getting four pieces of land and a mare (Refugio Pacheco file, AHS/SAD).


Nabor Pacheco was born on 12 July 1859 in Tucson, Dona Ana County, New Mexico Territory (Pacheco 1965:9). Nabor was the Sheriff of Pima County from 1904 to 1908 and from 1909 to 1910. Nabor married Carmen Monteverde, born June 29, 1861? in Hermosillo Mexico, the year 1884, and had seven children (Nabor, Enrique, Ricardo, Paula, Armida, Violet, and Raquel). Nabor died on 14 February 1920 (Arizona Daily Star 15 February 1920, 8:4). Carmen died in 1927 (MS 1155, box 40, file 555, AHS/SAD)
Nabor Pacheco
Arizona, The Youngest State, 1913

Nabor Pacheco has practically spent his entire life in
Tucson in which city he was born on the 12th of July
1863, a son of Refugio and Paula (Cruz) Pacheco.  The
father was born in the town of Ignacio, Sonora, Mexico
but was brought to Tucson in infancy and was here reared
and educated.  Tucson was the birthplace of the mother. 
Being endowed with good business ability, Refugio Pacheco
met with success in his business affairs.  In matters of
citizenship he was progressive and enterprising, possessing
the powers of organization and resourcefulness which stamped
him as a leader in the community.  Although he was only thirty
six years of age at the time of his death, which occurred in
1873, he had acquired valuable tracts of land in and around
Tucson and was numbered among the representative citizens of
 Pima County.  He took a very active interest in political
affairs.  In his family were seven children, of whom five
are still living: Nabor, being the eldest, Mateo, Manuel,
Jesus M., and Refugio.  On both the paternal and maternal
sides our subject is of pure Spanish ancestry his lineage
being traced back to Spain. (COULD NOT BE PURE, AS THE ROMERO'S WERE MESTIZO)

Nabor Pacheco attended school in Tucson and upon the
completion of his education began farming and cattle
raising on land left him by his father, owning a tract
of about one hundred and sixty acres near the city. 
For about thirteen years he held official positions and
for two and one half years had charge of one hundred men
employed at Tucson Farms near the city.  He is today one
of the substantial citizens of Tucson and has valuable
realty interests.

It was in this city that Mr. Pacheco was married to Miss
Carmen Monteverde and to them have been born the following
children: Nabor Jr., Henry, Powleta, Richard, Ameda, Viola
and Raquel.


In a Petition to the Register and Receiver of the United States Land Office at Florence, Arizona on February 1, 1876 submitted by Antonio Souza on February 1, 1876 "shows that twenty years next preceding the 5th day of February, A.D. 1875, he has by himself, his ancestors and grantors, held possession of the following described tract or lot of land, to wit:

Lot No 13, Section 11, Township 14 South Range 13 East ...."45

Twenty one years later, on June 8, 1897, during the presidency of William McKinley, the General Land Office issued a Patent46 to Antonio Souza on Lot 13.

By 1897, Antonio was already firmly established as a homesteader, rancher, and farmer in the San Pedro River valley. Also by then, Lot 13 in the Cultivated Fields of Tucson had been assigned to Ochoa and Sidney DeLong, and the patent was delivered to them.

The migratory pattern followed by Antonio had taken him from his birthplace at Tubac to Tucson, thence to Rillito and Tanque Verde, finally over the Catalina Mountains to the San Pedro River valley, where he filed a claim for Public Lands under the Homestead Act of May 20, 1862.

Declaratory Statement DS #748 for 160 acres was filed on September 5, 1880 at Florence, Arizona Territory by Antonio for land described as Section 32, Township 12 South Range 19 East, Gila & Salt River Base & Meridian.

The application was subsequently cancelled on May 16, 1885 when Antonio relinquished his claim. It had been discovered by the General Land Office that Nabor Pacheco had previously filed Pre-Emption Cash Entry #224 for the same land. Nabor's Entry #224 having a prior right, was approved upon the relinquishment of Antonio's DS #748.47

Antonio next filed on January 17, 1888, Homestead Application HD #934 for 160 acres situated at Section 30, Township 12 South Range 19 East, G & SR B & M.48 On January 13, 1891, President Benjamin Harrison signed and Antonio received a Patent for 160 acres, for the land embraced by:

E 1/2 of the NE 1/4 and the E 1/2 of the SE 1/4 of Section 30 in Township 12 South Range 19 East of G & SR, B & M, A.T.49

Between Antonio's applications DS #748 and HD #934, his brother Juan Soza had filed Pre-Emption DS #123 on August 29, 1882 for 160 acres described as:

NW 1/4 of Section 32, Township 12 South, Range 19 East of the G & SR, B & M.50

This entry was later converted to Cash Entry CE #218, with Juan paying Four Hundred Dollars or $2.50 per acre. Patent #218 was approved April 18, 1884, signed May 31, 1884 by President Chester A. Arthur, and was delivered to Antonio Campa Soza.51

As a result of Hd #934 (160 acres) and Juan's CE #218 (160 acres) Antonio was enroute toward establishing himself as an important rancher, cattleman and farmer in the San Pedro River valley.

Eventually, at least a dozen family members, would utilize the Homestead Act of 1862 and other Public Land Laws to settle, develop and populate the San Pedro River valley.52

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